Otak-Otak (Grilled Fish Cake)

Otak-Otak (Grilled Fish Cake)

Otak-otak is made of grilled fish paste which is blended together with a variety of spices such as lemongrass, chillies and turmeric. While there are many varieties throughout Southeast Asia, this recipe resembles those found in Muar, Johor.

0 stars

Preparation 40 mins
Cooking 30 mins


Otah, 鲤鱼包

Chinese, Malaysian, Singaporean

Nyonya Cooking on Facebook
Nyonya Cooking on Pinterest
Nyonya Cooking on Twitter

Nutrition per Serving

121 kcal
11 g
8 g
3 g

Be the first to take a snap! Log in and navigate to Add Food Snap in the top bar.

In sunny Malaysia, Indonesia or Singapore, otak-otak is a much loved dish by the locals. Once you have tried it, you will fall in love with the taste of this very special fish cake. The fish cake has a good amount of spices and is grilled wrapped in coconut leaf or banana leaf. This gives a natural fragrance to the dish as it cooks. One can smell its aroma miles away when it is being grilled.

Originating from the Malay word ’otak‘ which means brain, the name is based on the soft texture of the dish. Don't let that stop you from trying the dish if you have not done so. Ask any locals, this dish will always be on top of the list when it comes to must-try food around the region. In Indonesia, the fish cake is usually beige in colour as there is no addition of chillies or turmeric unlike those found in Singapore or Malaysia. It is sometimes known as otah too.

Why is this the best otak-otak recipe?

The inspiration to this recipe is the famous otak-otak sold in Muar, a city located in the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia. Besides trying to keep the flavour and texture as similar to it as possible, the the recipe was made easy too. Moreover, making otak-otak is also a fun family activity.

Is otak-otak healthy?

Yes! Besides the fish, all the other ingredients are local herbs and plants. One can either buy them from the wet market or pick them from the herbs garden. These herbs are also known to have health benefits. For example, turmeric is known to be anti-inflammatory and high in anti-oxidants. It is best to make otak-otak with the freshest ingredients possible especially when it comes to fish.

Cooking techniques to perfect the dish

Besides the fresh ingredients, the technique of preparing the dish is equally important. Ensure that the ingredients are blended finely or the final product will have chunks of herbs which will be unpleasant to chew on. Herbs which are harder such as galangal and lemongrass should be blended first before moving onto the softer ingredients.

Chopped herbs
Chopped herbs

To ease the blending process, you may add water or more oil to the ingredients. However, adding too much water may cause the blended paste to splatter even more than usual during the cooking process in Step 2.

When it comes to the fish, remove the skin before blending into a finer texture. It is tougher to blend the skin. This is how it should look like after blending all ingredients finely.

Blended fish, herbs and spices
Blended fish, herbs and spices

It is highly recommended to soak the dried chillies before blending them. This doesn't only help to soften them but also reduce its heat. Follow the step by step guide to softening the chillies here.

If you have a charcoal grill, use it to cook otak-otak. Grilling them over charcoal is exactly how the dish is cooked and sold in food bazaars or night markets. The smokiness and the heat from the charcoal gives a special taste to the dish which gas or electric stove will not be able to replicate.

Types of fish to use

Since fish is the main ingredient, it's important to pick the right type. Spanish mackerel is typically used when it comes to making otak-otak. Fishes such as red snapper, marlin or cod are other types that can be used too.

How to wrap the fish cake?

Otak-otak is traditionally wrapped in attap leaves, which are from the nipa palm tree. You will require two pieces of nipa palm tree leaves that are ca. 15 cm in length. Since attap leaves are naturally folded into halves, spread one piece of the leaf open to fill it with fish paste. Slide the leaf (filled with fish paste) into the other leaf to avoid leakage. Secure both leaves with a tooth pick at both ends.

Banana leaves which are easily available are also used to wrap otak-otak. That is exactly what I used in this recipe. Each piece measures 6 inches x 4 inches. Scoop the fish paste onto the middle of the leaf length wise. Fold the sides to the middle and secure the leaf with toothpicks.

3 Steps to Wrapping Otak-otak
3 Steps to Wrapping Otak-otak

Different ways to cooking

The simplest method of cooking otak-otak is over a stove on a pre-heated pan. However, you may also use the oven. Place them on a pre-heated tray at 200 degrees Celsius for 7 minutes. After that, flip them over and allow to cook for a further 7 to 8 minutes. In all, the cooking time takes around 15 minutes but it might differs depending on the oven used.

Substitute for leaves

If you do not have any attap leaves or banana leaves, parchment paper or baking paper will do then.

Using parchment paper
Using parchment paper

Otherwise, you can steam the uncooked otak-otak in a bowl until it is cooked. In fact, steamed otak-otak is regularly served too. The fragrance from the leaves will however not be present.

Freezing otak-otak

The fish paste is best cooked within 24 hours. If not, it should be frozen to contain the freshness of the ingredients. There are two ways to freeze the dish. The fish paste can be frozen in an air-tight container and then thawed to be wrapped in the leaves later.

The other method is to freeze them in a freezer bag after wrapping the fish paste in the leaves. Either way, they should not be frozen for more than 1 month or the flavours will deteriorate.

Ways to reheat

It is a good idea to refrigerate cooked otak-otak if you are not able to finish them in one sitting. You can reheat them by flipping them in a preheated pan over low heat for 3 to 5 minutes. As for frozen otak-otak, reheat them in the same way for at least 5 minutes. However, the duration is highly depending on the thickness of the fish paste.

Heating them in a steamer or in a microwave is also possible.

Dishes to accompany otak-otak

Otak-otak is usually eaten paired with a condiment such as peanut sauce. As a side dish, it is usually eaten with rice. Some nasi lemak stalls do offer otak-otak as a side dish option.


10 g
chilli peppers (dried)
chilli peppers (fresh)
15 g
turmeric (fresh)
garlic clove(s)
30 g
lemongrass stalk(s)
10 g
100 g
150 g
fish fillet
100 g
coconut milk
100 g
1⁄4 tsp
white pepper
1 tsp
1 tsp
15 g
tapioca flour

Steps to Prepare

Otak-Otak (Grilled Fish Cake) Step 1

Step 1 of 5

Soak and boil chillies for 4 minutes or until soft over medium heat. Discard seeds and chilli membranes to reduce the spiciness. Set boiled chillies aside. Then, skin and chop the rest of the spices and herbs into smaller pieces. Blend all the ingredients until fine. To ease the blending process, add the oil into the blender.

Otak-Otak (Grilled Fish Cake) Step 2

Step 2 of 5

In a pan, add some oil to sauté blended spices over medium to low heat until fragrant. Continue stirring to prevent the paste from burning. Once the oil separates or floats to the surface, set the chilli paste aside to let it cool to room temperature.

Otak-Otak (Grilled Fish Cake) Step 3

Step 3 of 5

    • 150 g fish fillet
    • 100 g coconut milk
    • 100 g water
    • 1⁄4 tsp white pepper
    • 1 tsp salt
    • 1 tsp sugar
    • 15 g tapioca flour

Once chilli paste is no longer warm, discard the excess oil. Then, add chilli paste with the fish fillet, coconut milk, water, salt, sugar, tapioca flour and blend until it becomes a fine paste.

Otak-Otak (Grilled Fish Cake) Step 4

Step 4 of 5

Scoop 40 grams of fish paste onto a piece of banana leaf measuring 6 inches long and 4 inches wide. Then, fold and wrap the fish paste. Secure the ends with toothpicks. Repeat until the fish paste is finished.

Otak-Otak (Grilled Fish Cake) Step 5

Step 5 of 5

Heat up a pan over medium to low heat to cook the otak-otak for 1 to 2 minutes on each side. If there is a lot of fish paste in each package, the cooking time may be longer.

Published: June 14, 2020

3 Discussions

2 years ago


how much powdered galangal to 30g of fresh galangal please Im putting this recipe together and am stuck so hope someone is awake to help

Mira - Community Happiness Manager
2 years ago

Mira - Community Happiness Manager

About 1 1/3 teaspoon of powdered galangal.

2 years ago


Thanks and I had to guess as was making it already. I guessed almost right

Roslyn Dagostino
3 years ago

Roslyn Dagostino

Yes, thank you karin for the recipe and how to wrap the fish paste. I don't have the banana leaves but I used pandan leaves instead and make one big otak and into the oven which turn out beautiful and fragrant otak.

3 years ago


Hey Roslyn! Great to hear that it turned out for you! And great way of improvising! It's my pleasure to have people trying out the recipe :)

Frankie See
3 years ago

Frankie See

Thank you so much Grace for the recipe.Everyone like Otak.

Mira - Community Happiness Manager
3 years ago

Mira - Community Happiness Manager

We have to credit Karin for the delicious recipe. ;)

Give us your opinion! Log in and start posting.