Beef Rendang (Ultimate Guide)

5 stars

Rendang is a caramelized meat curry dish from West Sumatra, Indonesia. It needs hours of slow cooking until the coconut milk is caramelized and turns into its signature luscious texture. Together with homemade coconut butter and a load of spices, the dish is a delicious affair.

Preparation 15 mins
Cooking 150 mins


Rendang Daging

Malay, Malaysian, Singaporean, Indonesian

Nutrition per Serving

474 kcal
31 g
31 g
23 g

Rendang is a very special curry dish. Made with a selection of 10 different types of spices such as chillies, turmeric, lemongrass and galangal, it easily stands out for its awesome flavour which develops over the long and slow cooking process. It's so tasty that it was voted as the most delicious food in the world based on 35,000 votes in a survey carried out by CNN. The complexity of the dish and the details that come along with it made rendang an exclusive dish. It's usually served for weddings, religious celebrations and coronation ceremonies. Now that we know rendang is the king of curries and tastes extremely delicious, it is important to understand the dish and the tips to achieve the best result.

Rendang originates from the Minangkabau ethnic from West Sumatra. With the migration of Minangkabau immigrants to its neighbouring countries such as Singapore and Malaysia, it was then introduced to other neighbouring countries such as Malaysia and Singapore. The name ‘rendang’ came from the Sumatran word ‘randang’ which means slowly. This clearly refers to the cooking process which takes a long time. Traditionally, it takes between 8 hours to 3 days to cook rendang! Some suggested that the correct name for the dish should be the latter instead of what it is known today.

How does rendang taste like?

Rendang does not tastes like the red curries from Thailand or India. Instead, it is thick and has a texture almost like soft butter. The mixture of spices blend in harmoniously giving it a touch of heat that comes through subtly when eaten. The sensation of smell and taste of rendang is simply divine. Besides that, the aroma from the spices and the nutty flavour of ‘kerisik’ which is also known as coconut butter make the dish stands out from the other types of curries.


Kerisik is made of grated coconut which has been toasted until golden brown before being pounded until its oil is released. It is usually added to dishes and stewed for hours for all the ingredients to release their optimum flavours.

Why does it take so long to cook rendang?

The initial intention when making rendang was to prepare a dish that would keep for a long period without the help of refrigerators. Cooking for a long time ensures that any excess liquid will be evaporated. Hence, allowing the dish to last longer. It also takes at least 2 hours 30 minutes (portion for 4-6 persons) for the coconut milk to begin caramelizing. So, be patient for the perfect colour and texture of the curry to emerge.

Tips to making delicious rendang

Rendang tips
Rendang tips

When sautéing the pounded or blended spices, you'll need to follow the steps recommended in the recipe as different spices or herbs need different amount of time to be cooked until it's fragrant. The sequence to sauteing the ingredients is lemon grass first followed by garlic-onion-ginger mixture then, galangal and lastly, shallots.

During the long cooking process, the sugar in the coconut milk caramelizes as the liquid is reduced. Subsequently, another crucial step which cannot be skipped is to sauté the meat until excess water is evaporated before adding the coconut milk. This will help to intensify the flavour besides reducing the excess liquid.

Can I use chicken to make rendang?

The original choice of meat for rendang is beef. Compared to chicken, beef is able to sustain the slow cooking process. Theoretically, chicken can be used but the meat would break down during the long cooking process. There will be lots of small chunks of chicken with strands of the protein in the pot at the end of cooking. That's why chicken rendang takes a shorter time to cook. Hence, the gravy wouldn't be as caramalized when compared to beef rendang.

chicken rendang
chicken rendang

However, unlike chicken, beef is able to handle the heat while retaining its shape. Therefore, the meat coated with the thick gravy is a delight to savour in every mouthful.

Which part of beef is suitable?

The cheapest cut of meat! Ask for beef meant for stew. Softer cuts of beef may risk turning out tough after the long cooking process. Beef used for stew is usually from the shoulder and upper arm muscles of a cow and sometimes labeled as chunk.

Type of chillies used

I used a combination of dried and fresh chillies. The dried chillies are used for its smoky flavour while fresh chillies gives a nice shade of redness to the curry. You may opt for either type if you're unable to get both. As for dried chillies, I used the Sri Lankan dried chillies as they are the only type available at the Asian grocer I used to frequent. Dried chillies of the types Byadgi or Kashmiri would work equally good too. To learn more about reducing the spiciness of dried chillies, tips on substitutes or where to buy them, check out this page about dried chillies.

As for fresh chillies, cayenne peppers is the best choice for its size and also level of spiciness. If you are not at all used to spice and heat, use long red paprika. They are also known as Boldog paprika. This might be offensive to rendang lovers but it's a great substitute to introduce rendang to non-spicy eaters. If Boldog paprika is used, do sauté them until it is fragrant and ensure that most liquid from the paprika is evaporated.

Pound, blend or chop the herbs?

While blending is the easiest out of the other 2 processes, pounding gives the best flavour as oil from the spices and herbs are released. If you choose to chop the herbs, do ensure that they are chopped finely as the long stewing process may not be able to soften ingredients like galangal and lemongrass. Biting into any of these herbs might be unpleasant. If you don't choose to mince the lemongrass, leave it as it is as it can be removed after cooking.

How long can I keep rendang?

If cooked properly and excess water is removed according to the recommended steps, rendang can be kept at room temperature for up to 3 weeks. However, this recipe does not cater for such long storage. It's best to cool the dish to room temperature before refrigerating it for up to 5 days. You may freeze the dish in an airtight container for up to 3 months.

How to reheat rendang?

You maybe use the microwave to reheat the dish. Frozen rendang should be thawed before reheating. If you do not have a microwave, steam the dish for at least 40 minutes to ensure that it is fully heated.

Cooking rendang in a slow cooker

You may cook beef rendang using a slow cooker. Simply put all the blended ingredients, meat, coconut milk and water into the slow cooker and cook for 12 hours. The beef rendang will be very tender.


3 cm
garlic clove(s)
yellow onion(s)
1 1⁄2 cups
chilli peppers (dried)
chilli peppers (fresh)
lemongrass stalk(s)
3 cm
4 tbsp
500 g
1 tsp
coriander powder
1 tsp
fennel seeds
1 tsp
cumin powder
1 tbsp
tamarind pulp
500 ml
coconut milk
2 tsp
palm sugar (gula melaka)
1⁄2 tbsp
2 tbsp
1⁄2 cup

Steps to Prepare

Beef Rendang (Ultimate Guide) Step 1

Step 1 of 4

Pound the following ingredients separately. Bowl 1 - ginger, garlic and onion. Bowl 2 -shallots, bowl 3 - fresh and dried chillies and the last bowl - galangal. Set aside. Bruise the most bottom part of the lemongrass by lightly crushing it with a pestle or the back of a knife.

Beef Rendang (Ultimate Guide) Step 2

Step 2 of 4

    • 4 tbsp oil

In a pot heated over low to medium heat, saute lemongrass until fragrant before adding the ginger, garlic and onion mixture. Continue sautéing until the mixture turns almost translucent. Add galangal and sauté until fragrant before adding shallots.

Beef Rendang (Ultimate Guide) Step 3

Step 3 of 4

    • 500 g beef
    • 1 tsp coriander powder
    • 1 tsp fennel seeds
    • 1 tsp cumin powder

Coat beef evenly with pounded chillies, coriander powder, fennel seeds and cumin powder. Add beef to the pot. Sauté until excess water from beef is released. This will take a few minutes. It is important not to skip this step.

Beef Rendang (Ultimate Guide) Step 4

Step 4 of 4

    • 1 tbsp tamarind pulp
    • 500 ml coconut milk
    • 2 tsp palm sugar (gula melaka)
    • 1⁄2 tbsp salt
    • 2 tbsp kerisik
    • 1⁄2 cup water

Soak tamarind in hot water. Add coconut milk, tamarind water, palm sugar and kerisik into the pot. Increase heat to the maximum and bring to boil. Then, reduce heat to the lowest. Cover the pot and allow dish to simmer for 2 hours or until gravy thickens. Stir every 15-20 minutes to prevent ingredients from sticking to the pot. Once the dish is ready, stir in a few slices of kaffir lime leaves.

Published: June 29, 2019

7 Discussions

a year ago

Elaine Wong foong lian

Can u teach more about making cake or nyonya kuih

a year ago


Yes sure :) You can submit all your requests here:

a year ago


Hi Grace! Thanks for the step by step video! I had thought preparing the dish was laborious but you made it simple! The only issue I had was the long cooking time. I wondered if I could achieve the same flavour intensity using pressure cooker?

a year ago


Hey Mavis, Thank you for the question! We always try to breakdown the recipe, making it as simple as possible. You can use a pressure cooker, of course. I personally feel that the flavours are not as well developed compared to that slow cooking recommended in the recipe. But hey, go ahead and do it. The dish is still going to be delicious!

10 months ago

Rick D Chapman

The long cooking time is not an issue for me and the long prep time is a +! Nothing like spending a cool November day making something new and wonderful. All I had was a Mexican molcajete and it's not the best for pounding out kerisik (it sucks up all of the oil) but was fine for everything else. I cheated by adding a bit of virgin coconut oil. Simmering away right now and I know it's going to be DELICIOUS! I'm so glad that I came across your website. Thank You Grace.

10 months ago

Mira - Community Happiness Manager

Glad you enjoyed the recipe! Now, we all need a food snap to see the final result ;) I thought the Mexican molcajete be perfect for pounding since it is made of stone.

10 months ago


Molcajete are commonly made from basalt, which vary in their permeability. They range from less porous fine grained to more porous depending on amount of gas bubbles in the lava as it was cooling. Especially if your Molcajete is the porous type it is important to prepare and seal the surface by seriously grinding some rice grains to the consistency of flour which will smooth the mortar (lesong) and pestle (batu). You might try coating the Molcajete with a little coconut oil before pounding/grinding the kerisik.

a year ago

Wang zong-lin

Hi,,,do you have the ingredients names in Chinese because I can’t translate well in mandarin

a year ago


Heyya, here is the link which might be helpful for you: All translated to Chinese :)

a year ago

Wang zong-lin

Thanks you so much

10 months ago


This Ultimate Guide is very helpful to many. However readers may be interested in using one of the multi-use pressure cookers which have gained popularity. Do you have any tips in adapting this recipe to these pressure cookers. I have been using one when for cooking beef stews, chilis, and braising of lamb shanks with a lot of success. Sometimes i just pressure cook the beef or lamb to beef or lamb for just 15 -20 minutes then finish in a more traditional way.

10 months ago

Mira - Community Happiness Manager

With a pressure cooker, start off with the traditional steps to sauté the ingredients. Once you reach step 4, cook it over high pressure for 20-30 minutes. Have fun cooking!

10 months ago


Have you tried to see what difference would be doing pressure cooking at step 3 instead of step 4?

10 months ago

Mira - Community Happiness Manager

Haven't tried it because it's very critical for the paste to be sautéed in oil until the oil separates from the paste. Otherwise, the paste will have a raw aftertaste.

8 months ago


Hey, thanks a lot of the recipe. Quite different Rendang then the recipe I had, the one I usually makes includes Star Anise, Cardamon, Turmeric root, kerisik, candlenuts and cloves. Any idea which area that would be from?

8 months ago

Mira - Community Happiness Manager

Traditional Minang or Indonesian Rendang don't contain candlenuts. Cardamon on the other hand is more common in Rendang Tok from Perak, Malaysia. So that's tough to identify. You might want to refer to your source. ;)

4 months ago

Claudine Moloney

Hi Grace. Hope you are keeping well. I am new to your site and already enjoying it. Would you know please how much approx. tamarind paste does the recipe need if using 1.5 kg of beef?

3 months ago

Mira - Community Happiness Manager

Hi Claudine, since the recipe uses 500g of beef, you can triple the amount of the recipe. Feel free to adjust the automated counter above to 18 portions and the recipe will be updated accordingly.

3 months ago

Claudine Moloney

Thank you for coming back to me Mira. I did make the rendang and it was fabulous!

4 months ago

Mary Ng

I made this and it's delicious. I added another 100g of beef as the ingredients are more than enough for the extra meat. I grinded all the aromatics (lemongrass, shallots, onions, garlic, galangal and ginger) together. And grinded the chillies separately. The grinded lemongrass gave the dish some texture which I prefer. Happy cooking everyone.

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